Learning Theories and Designing Instructional Activities

Program Details

Learning Theories and Designing Instructional Activities
Duration: 10 hours
Prerequisites: Reflective Practitioner Teacher – training program
Material: Training Guide, Program Kit, and online resources on Marifah
Level - Track: Fundamental Educational Qualification
Target Audience : Teachers who have none-educational bachelor’s degree (KG, Math, Science, English, and Computer Science) grade (1-3).

Short Description

One of the core principles of an educational profession is teachers-students’ awareness in fields of age stages and related characteristics, individual differences, special needs and dealing methods. The program will introduce the main concepts of major learning theories; ‘Behaviorism Theory, Paiget Theory on Constructivism, Vygotsky’s Theory- Social Development, Ausubel’s Theory, Bruner’s 5 E’s model, Information processing theory and Psychosocial Development in Erikson’s Theory’. Teachers will come to know the importance and basics of learning theories in general, their theoretical framework, their principles, role of teachers, role of students, educational implications and in which contexts to apply and they will be able to interpret the learning and teaching process.

Big Ideas

Learning is one of the important activities in humans’ life.
People are different in their abilities, interests, and beliefs, and they learn in different ways.
Different learning theories address different aspects of how people learn.
Each learning theory has its pros and cons.
Each theory requires teachers and students to act differently in the class.
Each learning theory has its useful application.
Human behavior can be adjusted and new behavior can be learnt.
Knowledge can be constructed individually and through social interaction.
People go through their lives in different psychosocial stages.

Essential Questions

How do people learn?
How can teachers benefit from knowing the basic concepts and principles of learning theories?


Identify the philosophy behind each learning theory.
Clarify the theoretical framework for each learning theory.
Identify the principles of each learning theory.
Determine the roles of both the teacher and the student in accordance to each learning theory.
Compare theories and take decisions; which one should you use and when?
Develop mechanisms to apply certain learning theories in the classroom.
Design lessons/activities according to each learning theory.


No Assessment Component Weight
1 Attendance and Participation Participation 5
Attendance 5
2 Formative Assessment Self-assessment KWL-Q 5
Vocabulary Tool 5
Formative Assessment

Planning lessons according to the given theories:

trainees are required to write at least 3 lesson plans/activities, during the training. (Your final grade will be the average)

3 Summative assessment Exit Task 10
Portfolio 10
Final exam 20
Program Total 100

Time Distribution

No Item Time (min)
1 KWL-Q 10
2 Vocabulary Tool 10
3 Terminology 10
4 Activity 1.1: Behaviorism 50
5 Activity 1.2: Lesson planning according to Behaviorism 40
6 Activity 1.3:  Individual Constructivism: Cognitive development (Piaget) 50
7 Activity 1.4: Lesson planning according to Cognitive development theory 40
8 Activity 1.5: Social constructivism : Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) 50
9 Activity 1.6: Lesson planning according to Social Development Theory 40
10 Activity 2.1: Meaningful Learning; (Ausubel’s) Theory and applications 40
11 Activity 2.2: Information Possessing theory (introduction) 40
12 Activity 2.3: Lesson planning according to Information Processing learning theory 40
13 Activity 2.4: Bruner’s 5 E’s model and applications 40
14 Activity 2.5: Psychosocial Development Theory: Erikson 40
15 Activity 2.6: Lesson planning according to psychosocial development theory 40
16 Activity 2.7: Mind Talks 30
17 Post -Vocabulary Tool 10
18 Exit Task 20
Total 10 Hours

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